Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Medetomidine

Synonym(s): medetomidine chloride

Contributor(s): Kyle Braund

Introduction

Name

  • Medetomidine.

Class of drug

  • Alpha-2 adrenergic agonist.

Uses

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Indications

  • To provide sedation and analgesia   Analgesia: alpha-2 agonist  .
  • Good visceral analgesia.
  • Has very potent anesthetic-sparing properties when used as a premedicant.
  • It counteracts muscle rigidity associated with 'dissociative anesthesia'.
  • It may be used in conjunction with acepromazine and opioids to improve the effect of chemical restraint in dangerous animals.

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Grove DM, Ramsay EC (2000)Sedative and physiologic effects of orally administered alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonists and ketamine in cats.J Am Vet Med Assoc.216(12), 1929-1932.
  • Cullen LK (1999)Xylazine and medetomidine in small animals: these drugs should be used carefully.Aust Vet J.77(11), 722-723.

Other sources of information

  • Based on Tennant B (1999)Small Animal Formulary.3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.
  • Plumb DC (1999)Veterinary Drug Handbook.3rd edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames. pp 394-396.

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