Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Glucose

Synonym(s): Aqupharm No. 3, No. 6, No. 18, Dextrose monohydrate, Glucose

Introduction

Name

  • Glucose.

Class of drug

  • Simple sugar.

Description

Molecular formula

  • C6H12O6.
    40% glucose solution
  • 40 g anhydrous glucose in 1 l.
    5% glucose solution
  • 50 g anhydrous glucose in 1 l.
  • 50 g anhydrous glucose and 9 g sodium chloride in 1 l.
    4% glucose saline
  • 40 g anhydrous glucose and 1.8 g sodium chloride in 1 l.

Physical properties

  • Clear, colorless solution.

Storage requirements

  • Store at 2°C-25°C.
  • Shelf life is 2 years.
  • Discard after single use.

Uses

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Indications

Dilute glucose solutions
  • Used for fluid replacement (primarily where intracellular and interstitial fluid losses have occurred).
    Concentrated glucose solutions
  • Used as an energy source. Patients requiring parenteral nutritional support will require mixtures comprising combinations of amino acid, glucose solutions and fat.
    It is recommended that specialist advice is sought prior using parenteral nutrition.
  • Used to treat hypoglycemia.
  • In combination with insulin to treat hyperkalemia.

Administration

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Based onSmall Animal Formulary.Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.

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