Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Fat

Synonym(s): Evening primrose oil, MCT-oil, Nutraceutical

Introduction

Name

  • Fat.

Class of drug

  • Triglycerides.

Description

Chemical name

  • Fatty acids and glycerol comprise triglycerides.
  • Essential fatty acids (EFAs) are the polyunsaturated fatty acids linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids and their metabolites gamma-linolenic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids.

Uses

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Indications

  • Parenteral lipid emulsions are used in animals receiving nutritional support.
  • Parenteral nutrition mixtures comprise combinations of amino acid and glucose solutions and a fat emulsion.
    It is recommended that specialist advice is sought prior to using parenteral nutrition.
  • Medium chain triglycerides are used as energy sources in animals requiring low fat diets, eg those with hyperlipidemia   Hyperlipidemia  , pancreatic insuffiency   Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency  , pancreatitis   Pancreatitis  or lymphangiectasia.
  • EFA gamma-linolenic acid may be useful in the management of disorders associated with reduced delta-6-saturase activity (suggested in animals with atopy   Skin: atopic dermatitis  and hypothyroidism   Hypothyroidism  ).
  • EFA alpha-linolenic acid may be helpful in the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases.
  • EFAs may be indicated for non-specific cases of poor coat condition, dull harsh coat, excessive moulting and idiopathic seborrhea   Primary seborrhea  .
  • EFAs role in the management of feline or feline arthropathies has yet to be determined. In man alpha-linolenic acid has been shown to improve clinical signs of rheumatoid arthritis.

Administration

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Based onSmall Animal Formulary.Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.

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