Felis ISSN 2398-2950

EMLA Cream

Synonym(s): Lidocaine cream, prilocaine cream, lidocaine topical, prilocaine topical,

Contributor(s): Kyle Braund

Introduction

Name

  • Astra.

Class of drug

  • Local analgesic.

Description

Chemical name

  • Lidocaine 2.5%, Prilocaine 2.5%.

Physical properties

  • Eutectic cream.

Uses

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Indications

  • Few. Experimental use in small animals. Difficulty of keeping dressing in place for sufficient duration to be effective.
  • Not used in neonates due to risk of local anesthetic overdose.

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Gibbon K Jet al(2003)Evaluation of adverse effects of EMLA (lidocaine/prilocaine) cream for the placement of jugular catheters in healthy cats.J Vet Pharmacol Ther.26(6), 439.DOI
  • Flecknell PA, Liles JH & Williamson HA (1990)The use of lignocaine-prilocaine local anaesthetic cream for pain-free venepuncture in laboratory animals.Lab Anim.24(2), 142-146.

Other sources of information

  • Clinical Anesthetic Pharmacology.(1991) Eds: J W Dundee, R S J Clarke, W McCaughey: Churchill Livingstone.

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