Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Benzalkonium chloride

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella

Introduction

Name

  • Benzalkonium chloride.

Class of drug

  • Dermatological cleansing agent.

Description

Chemical name

  • Mixture of alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chlorides.

Physical properties

  • White or yellow/white amorphous powder or gelatinous substance.
  • Aromatic odor.
  • Very bitter taste.
  • Very water soluble.

Uses

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Indications

  • Skin disinfection preoperatively.
  • Skin disinfection of wounds or burns.
  • Control of bacterial dermatitis.

Administration

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Precautions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Maillard J Y, Messager S & Veillon R (1998)Antimicrobial efficacy of biocides tested on skin using an ex-vivo test.J Hosp Infect40(4), 313-323.
  • Fox J G, Beaucage C M, Folta C A & Thornton G W (1981)Nosocomial transmission of Serratia marcescens in a veterinary hospital due to contamination by benzalkonium chloride.J Clin Microbiol14(2), 157-160.

Other sources of information

  • Tennant B (1999)Small Animal Formulary.3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. ISBN: 0 9052 1452 8.

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