Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Azithromycin

Introduction

Uses

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Indications

  • As an alternative to penicillin in penicillin-allergic individuals.
  • Management of respiratory tract infections.
  • Management of mild to moderate skin and soft tissue infection.
  • Treatment of non-tubercular mycobacterial infections.
  • In man is used as a single dose for treatment of genital chlamydial infections.
  • Active against gram positive cocci (except some Staphylococci), gram positive bacilli (HaemophilusandPasteurellaspp   Pasteurella multocida  .).
  • Also effective against:
  • Mycobacteria.
  • Anaerobes.
  • Chlamydia spp  Chlamydophila felis  .
  • Mycoplasma spp  Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma  .
  • Toxoplasma spp  Toxoplasma gondii  .
  • Some strains ofActinomyes,Nocardia,Chlamydia, andRickettsiaare inhibited by azithromycin.
  • Resistanceis exhibited by most strains ofPseudomonas sp,E. coliandKlebsiella.

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Enhances absorption of digoxin   Digoxin  .

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Based onSmall Animal Formulary. Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.

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