Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Ammonium chloride

Contributor(s): Melissa Wallace

Introduction

Name

  • Ammonium chloride.

Class of drug

  • Urinary acidifier.

Uses

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Indications

  • Urine acidification.

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Urinary acidification increases excretion of basic substances and improves the antibacterial activity of hexamine, nitrofurantoin, penicillins and tetracyclines when these are used to treat urinary tract infections.
  • Urinary acidification may reduce the effectiveness of aminoglycosides and erythromycin in bacterial urinary tract infections.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Bishop Y M (1996) EdThe Veterinary Formulary. Handbook of Medicines Used in Veterinary Practice.3rd edn. London: Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and British Veterinary Association, p 292. ISBN 0 85369 345 5.
  • Buffington C A T (1994)Nutritional diseases and nutritional therapy.In:The Cat. diseases and Clinical Management. Volume 1.3rd edn. Ed R G Sherding. New York: Churchill Livingstone, pp 166-168. ISBN 0 443 08879 9.
  • Allen T A and Hand M S (1991)Formation of struvite urinary precipitates.In:Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine.Ed J R August. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company, pp 316-318. ISBN 0 7216 2226 7.
  • Brander G C, Pugh D M, Bywater R J and Jenkins W L (1991)Veterinary Applied Pharmacology and Therapeutics.5th edn. London: Bailliere Tindall, p 194. ISBN 0 7020 1366 8.
  • Einstein R, Jones R S, Knifton A and Starmer G A (1994)Principles of Veterinary Therapeutics.Harlow: Longman Scientific and Technical, pp 251-252 and 561. ISBN 0 582 02963 5.

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