ISSN 2398-2950      

Amikacin

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Contributor(s):

Vetstream Ltd


Introduction

Name

  • Amikacin.

Class of drug

  • Aminoglycoside antibiotic.

Uses

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Indications

  • Gram-negative infections, including Pseudomonas spp.
  • Ineffective against anaerobes.
  • Some efficacy against Staphylococcus spp.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Avoid the concurrent use of other nephrotoxic, ototoxic or neurotoxic agents (eg amphotericin B, cisplatin, furosemide, methoxyflurane, NSAIDs).
  • Aminoglycosides may be inactivated by beta-lactam antibiotics (eg penicillins, cephalosporins or heparin) when mixed in vitro. This may present a problem in vivo in patients who have substantially diminished renal function.
  • The effect of non-depolarizing muscle relaxants (eg atracurium, pancuronium, tubocuramine, vecuronium) may be enhanced by aminoglycosides.
  • Synergism may occur when aminoglycosides are used with penicillins or cephalosporins (Streptococcus faecalis) or with ticarcillin Ticarcillin (Pseudomonas aeruginosa).

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. BSAVA, UK. ISBN: 0 905214 44 7.
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