Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Worm control

Contributor(s): Eran Dvir, Ian Wright

Introduction

  • Cats may harbor nematode (roundworm) and cestode (tapeworm) infections, most inhabiting the intestines. These intestinal worms are the mainstay of worm control regimes. However, worms may be present in other organs, especially in cats traveling abroad.
  • There is an increased risk of importation of non-endemic species with the increase in the numbers of animals entering the UK under the Pets Travel Scheme (PETs Pet travel scheme) particularly since there has been a recent relaxation in the rules. Cats traveling abroad will also be at risk of exposure to novel worms such as Dirofilaria immitis  Dirofilaria immitis.
  • Some worms carried by cats have zoonotic potential such as Toxocara cati  Toxocara cati  and Ancylostoma braziliense  Ancylostoma braziliense. Worm control programs should identify cats at high risk of transmitting zoonotic pathogens and risk be minimized accordingly.
  • Worm control centers on suitable anthelmintic regimes and environmental control.
Print off the owner factsheet on Worm control Worm control to give to your client.Print off the owner factsheet All about worms All about worms to give to your client.

Worms commonly infecting cats

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Deworming frequency

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Environmental management

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Beugnet F (2014) Parasites of domestic owned cats in Europe: co-infestations and risk factors. Parasitology Vectors 25, 291 PubMed.
  • Overgaauw P A M & Van Knapen F (2013) Veterinary and public health aspects of Toxocara spp. Veterinary Parasitology 193, 398-403 PubMed.
  • Rendón-Franco E et al(2013) Cross transmission of gastrointestinal nematodes between captive neotropical felids and feral cats. Journal Zoo Wildlife Medicine 44, 936-940.
  • Becker A C et al(2012) Prevalence of endoparasites in stray and fostered dogs and cats in Northern Germany.  Parasitology Research 111, 849-857 PubMed.
  • Wright I & Wolfe A (2007) Prevalence of zoonotic nematode species in dogs in Lancashire. Veterinary Record 161, 790-791 PubMed.
  • Fisher M (2003) Toxocara cati: an underestimated zoonotic agent. Trends in Parasitology 19, 167-170 PubMed.
  • Atkins C E et al(2000) Heartworm infection in cats: 50 cases (1985-1997). Journal American Veterinary Medical Association 217, 355-358 PubMed.
  • Eckert J & Deplazes P (1999) Alveolar echinococcosis in humans: the current situation in Central Europe and the need for countermeasures. Parasitology Today 15, 315-319 PubMed.
  • Sturchler D et al(1990) Transmission of Toxocariasis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 162, 571-572PubMed.

Other sources of information


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