Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Ultrasonography: bladder and urinary tract

Contributor(s): Alison Dickie

Introduction

Uses

Advantages

  • Low cost.
  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.
  • Short time requirement.
  • No known biological risk.
  • Allows ultrasound guided:

Time requirement will reduce with operator experience.

Disadvantages

  • Will require patient's coat to be clipped.
  • Normal sonographic appearance does not exclude disease.
  • Abnormal sonographic appearance does not always indicate significant disease.
  • Similar sonographic appearance with different diseases.

Potential problems

  • Poor transducer-skin contact:
    • Inadequate clipping.
    • Insufficient coupling medium.
  • Inadequate patient restraint (may require sedation).
  • Operator inexperience.
  • Patient has urinated prior to examination so bladder is empty.

Alternatives

Equipment

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Patient preparation

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technique

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Normal Anatomy

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Abnormalities

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Leveille R (1998)Ultrasonography of urinary bladder disorders. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract28(4), 799-821.
  • Lamb C R (1998)Ultrasonography of the ureters. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract28(4) 823-848.
  • Green R W (1996)Urinary Bladder.In: Small Animal UltrasoundEd: Green R W. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia. pp227-235.
  • Nyland T G, Mattoon J S and Wisner E R (1995)Ultrasonography of the Urinary Tract and Adrenal Glands.In: Veterinary Diagnostic UltrasoundW B Saunders Company, Philadelphia. pp115-123.


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