Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Pregnancy - gestation

Contributor(s): David Godfrey, Michelle Kutzler

Pre-breeding considerations

  • Cats should be healthy, dewormed, and vaccinated Vaccination protocols against feline viral rhinotracheitis and feline panleukopenia (at minimum) as these are important reproductive pathogens.
  • Blood tests for feline leukemia virus FeLV test and feline immunodeficency virus FIV test should be negative (these are also both important reproductive pathogens).
  • Both the queen and tom should be free of known genetic defects.Clients who wish to breed their cats should be provided with the Owner factsheet on breeding Breeding from your cat.

General husbandry

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Physiology

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Pregnancy diagnosis

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Medical problems in pregnancy

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Veterinary care during pregnancy

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • García Mitacek M C, Stornelli M C, Praderio R G, de la Sota R L, Stornelli M A (2015) Ultrasonographic and progesterone changes during Days 21 to 63 of pregnancy in queens. Theriogenology 84(7),1131-1141 PubMed.
  • Gatel L, Rault D, Chalvet-Monfray K, Saunders J, Buff S (2015) Prediction of Parturition Time in Queens using Radiography and Ultrasonography. Anat Histol Embryol 44(4), 241-246 PubMed.
  • Jurka P, Kacprzak K J, Degórska B (2015) Pregnancy in a unilaterally ovariohysterectomised queen. J Feline Med Surg 17(4), 364-366 PubMed.
  • Decaro N, Carmichael L E, Buonavoglia C (2012) Viral reproductive pathogens of dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 42(3),583-598 PubMed.
  • Fontaine E (2012) Food intake and nutrition during pregnancy, lactation and weaning in the dam and offspring. Reprod Domest Anim 47 Suppl 6, 326-330 PubMed.
  • Graham E M, Taylor D J (2012) Bacterial reproductive pathogens of cats and dogs. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 42(3), 561-582 PubMed.
  • Lamm C G, Makloski C L (2012) Current advances in gestation and parturition in cats and dogs. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 42(3), 445-456 PubMed.
  • Lamm C G, Njaa B L (2012) Clinical approach to abortion, stillbirth, and neonatal death in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 42(3), 501-513 PubMed.
  • Rosset E, Galet C, Buff S (2011) A case report of an ectopic fetus in a cat. J Feline Med Surg 13(8), 610-613 PubMed.
  • DiGangi B A, Griffin B, Levy J K, Smith B F, Baker H J (2010) Use of a commercially available relaxin test for detection of pregnancy in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 237(11),1267-1274 PubMed.
  • Davidson A P, Baker T W (2009) Reproductive ultrasound of the bitch and queen. Top Companion Anim Med 24(2), 55-63 PubMed.
  • Ström Holst B, Frössling J (2009) The Swedish breeding cat: population description, infectious diseases and reproductive performance evaluated by a questionnaire. J Feline Med Surg 11(10), 793-802 PubMed.
  • Tsutsui T, Higuchi C, Soeta M, Oba H, Mizutani T, Hori T, Plasma L H (2009) Ovulation and conception rates in cats mated once or three times on different days of oestrus. Reprod Domest Anim 44 Suppl 2,76-78 PubMed.
  • Tsutsui T, Suzuki Y, Toyonaga M, Oba H, Mizutani T, Hori T (2009) The role of the ovary for the maintenance of pregnancy in cats. Reprod Domest Anim 44 Suppl 2, 120-124 PubMed.
  • Wichert B, Schade L, Gebert S, Bucher B, Zottmaier B, Wenk C, Wanner M (2009) Energy and protein needs of cats for maintenance, gestation and lactation. J Feline Med Surg 11(10), 808-815 PubMed.
  • Axnér E (2008) Updates on reproductive physiology, genital diseases and artificial insemination in the domestic cat. Reprod Domest Anim 43 Suppl 2, 144-149 PubMed
  • Beccaglia M, Anastasi P, Grimaldi E, Rota A, Faustini M, Luvoni G C (2008) Accuracy of the prediction of parturition date through ultrasonographic measurement of fetal parameters in the queen. Vet Res Commun 32 Suppl 1:S99-101 PubMed.
  • Root Kustritz M V (2006) Clinical management of pregnancy in cats. Theriogenology 66(1), 145-150 PubMed.
  • Zambelli D, Prati F (2006) Ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis and evaluation in queens. Theriogenology 66(1), 135-144 PubMed.
  • Thilagar S, Yew Y C, Dhaliwal G K, Toh I, Tong LL (2005) Uterine horn torsion in a pregnant cat. Vet Rec 157(18), 558-560 PubMed.
  • Lucas X, Agut A, Ramis G, Belda E, Soler M (2003) Uterine rupture in a cat. Vet Rec 152(10), 301-302 PubMed.
  • Ridyard A E, Welsh E A, Gunn-Moore D A (2000) Successful treatment of uterine torsion in a cat with severe metabolic and haemostatic complications. J Feline Med Surg 2(2), 115-119 PubMed.


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