Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Nutrition: disease modulation

Synonym(s): Nutritional therapies: disease management

Contributor(s): Daniel L Chan, Marge Chandler

Introduction

  • Employing nutritional therapies in the management of diseases has become a major focus of veterinary clinical nutrition. Strategies for the management of both acute and chronic diseases in small animals have been developed and as a result, many especially formulated diets are now available in the market.
  • The underlying principle of nutritional therapy relies in how nutrients could be used to modulate disease processes. In veterinary medicine successes of such approaches have been appreciated in the areas of cardiology, nephrology, diabetes mellitus, dermatology, and gastrointestinal disorders.
  • On-going research may identify new nutritional approaches for other disorders and allow veterinary surgeons to complement current management strategies and ultimately improve the health and well-being of animals. This overview will highlight some of ways in which disease modulation can be achieved via nutritional therapies.

Role of carbohydrates in health and disease

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Role of protein in disease modulation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Role of lipids in modulating diseases

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Summary

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references from PubMed.
  • Weber M, Bissot T, Servet E, Sevghernaert R, Biourge V, German A J (2007) A high-protein, high fiber diet designed for weight loss improves satiety in dogs. JVIM21,1203-1208 PubMed.
  • Bennett N, Greco D S, Peterson M E, Kirk C, Mathes M, Fettman M J (2006)Comparison of a low carbohydrate - low fiber diet and a moderate carbohydrate - high fiber diet in the management of feline diabetes mellitus.  J Fel Med Surg8, 73-84 PubMed.
  • Ross S J, Osborne C A, Kirk C A, Lowry S R, Koehler L A, Polzin D J (2006)Clinical evaluation of dietary modification for treatment of spontaneous chronic kidney diseases in cats.  JAVMA229, 949-957 PubMed.
  • Brown S A, Brown C A, Crowel W A, Varsanti J A, Allen T, Cowell C, Finco D R (1998)Beneficial effects of chronic administration of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in dogs with renal insufficiency. J Lab Clin Med131, 447-455 PubMed.
  • Freeman L M, Rush J E, Khayias J J, Ross J N Jr, Meydanic S N, Brown D J, Dolnikowski GG, Marmor B N, White M E (1998)Nutritional alterations and effect of fish oil supplementation in dogs with heart failure.  JVIM12, 440-448 PubMed.
  • Dimski D S, Buffington C A (1991)Dietary fiber in small animal therapeutics. JAVMA199, 1142-1146 PubMed.


ADDED