ISSN 2398-2950      

Fluid therapy: for intestinal obstruction

ffelis
Contributor(s):

John Dodam

Claire Waters


Pathophysiology

  • Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalances occur via vomiting and sequestration into the bowel.
  • Prolonged obstruction results in a net secretion of water, sodium and potassium into the intestinal lumen.
  • Severity of water and electrolyte loss is greater the more proximal the obstruction.
  • Obstruction of the proximal duodenum may result in hypochloremia due to loss of chloride in vomitus, and metabolic alkalosis.
  • Obstruction distal to the duodenum may result in loss of bicarbonate and metabolic acidosis.

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

Johnson S E (1992) Fluid therapy for gastrointestinal, pancreatic, and hepatic disease. In: Fluid Therapy in Small Animal Practice. Ed S P DiBartola. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. pp 507-517.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code