Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Fluid therapy: for diarrhea

Contributor(s): John Dodam, Claire Waters

Pathophysiology

  • Hypovolemia and dehydration are the most common metabolic disturbances of diarrhea.
  • The most common electrolyte disturbance is hypokalemia.
  • The most common acid-base imbalance is metabolic acidosis because of loss of bicarbonate.
  • Other complications include hypoproteinemia with exudative diarrhea   →   edema and effusions, and endotoxemia or septicemia   Shock: septic    →   fever, hypoglycemia and shock   Shock  .

Treatment

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