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Anesthetic induction: overview

ffelis

Introduction

  • General anesthesia: a state of unconsciousness produced by controlled, reversible intoxication of the central nervous system during which the patient neither perceives nor recalls noxious stimuli.
  • Anesthetic agent: a substance which produces loss of consciousness in a controllable manner.
  • Anesthetic induction: the state achieved when anesthetic agent concentration in the brain is high enough.
  • Induction can be achieved using (alone or in combination):
    • Injectable agents administered intravenously or intramuscularly.
    • Volatile agents inhaled with a carrier gas.

Injectable agents

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Volatile agents

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Cleale R M, Muir W W, Waselau A C et al (2009) Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluation of propofol administered to cats in a novel aqueous, nano droplet formulation or as an oil-in water macroemulsion. J Vet Pharacol Ther 32 (5), 436-445 PubMed.
  • Muir W, Lerche P, Wiese A et al (2009) The cardiorespiratory and anaesthetic effects of clinical and supraclinical doses of alfaxalone in cats. Vet Anaesth Analg 36 (1), 42-54 PubMed.
  • Zaki S, Ticehurst K, Miyaki Y (2009) Clinical evaluation of Alfaxan-CD(R)​ as an intravenous anaesthetic in young cats. Aust Vet J 87 (3), 82-87 PubMed.

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