Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Urethra: rupture

Contributor(s): Glen Cousquer, Elisa Mazzaferro

Introduction

  • Very rare condition - bladder rupture  Bladder: trauma rupture more common.
  • Cause: trauma.
  • Signs: dysuria, hematuria, anuria, abdominal distension, perineal or preputial swelling.
  • Treatment: correct metabolic anomalies prior to definitive treatment.
  • Many lacerations can be managed by urinary diversion.
  • More severe injuries require surgical intervention.
  • Prognosis: guarded.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • RTA/HBC with pelvic fracture (usually rupture at pelvic or penile site).
  • Urethral obstruction (usually perineal site).
  • Iatrogenic injury through catheterization (usually perineal site).
  • Bites.
  • Ballistic injuries.

Pathophysiology

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Corgozinho K B, de Souza H J, Pereira A N et al (2007) Catheter-induced urethral trauma in cats with urethral obstruction. J Fel Med Surg (6), 481-486 PubMed.
  • Degner D A, Walshaw R (1996) Healing responses of the lower urinary tract. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 26 (2), 197-206 PubMed.
  • Lees G F (1996) Use of misuse of indwelling urethral catheters. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 26 (3), 499-505 PubMed.
  • Tyler R D, Cowell R L (1989) Evaluation of pleural and peritoneal effusions. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 19 (4), 743-768 PubMed.


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