Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Sporotrichosis

Synonym(s): Gardener's disease

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella

Introduction

  • Sporothrix schenckii Sporothrix schenckii is a dimorphic fungus. It is present in a yeast form in the tissue and in mold form in culture.
  • This fungus is a ubiquitous saprophyte in nature (eg soil and organic debris).
  • Disease reported in man, dogs, horses, cats, cattle and other animals. It is an uncommon disease.
  • Infection is usually related to inoculation into the skin or subcutaneous tissues or wound contamination by soil, wood splinters, rose thorns, etc.
  • At risk population includes farmers, gardeners, nurserymen, florists and veterinarians.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lloret A, Hartmann K, Pennisi M G et al (2013) Sporotrichosis in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. J Feline Med Surg 15 (7), 619-623 PubMed.
  • Schubach T M, Schubach A, Okamoto T et al (2003) Haematogenous spread of Sporothrix schenckii in cats with naturally acquired sporotrichosisJ Small Anim Pract 44 (9), 395-398 PubMed.
  • Schubach T M, Schubach Ade O, Cuzzi-Maya T et al (2003) Pathology of sporotrichosis in 10 cats in Rio de Janeiro. Vet Rec 152 (6), 172-175 PubMed.
  • Fleury R N, Taborda P R, Gupta A K et al (2001) Zoonotic sporotrichosis. Transmission to humans by infected domestic cat scratching: report of four cases in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Int J Dermatol 40 (5), 318-322 PubMed.
  • Schubach T M, Valle A C, Gutierrez-Galhardo M C et al (2001) Isolation of Sporothrix schenckii from the nails of domestic cats (Felis catus). Med Mycol 39 (1), 147-149 PubMed.
  • Winn R E (1995) A contemporary view of sporotrichosis. Curr Top Med Mycol 6, 73-94 PubMed.
  • Caravalho J Jr., Caldwell J B, Radford B L et al (1991) Feline-transmitted sporotrichosis in the southwestern United States. West J Med 154 (4), 462-465 PubMed.
  • Scott D W & Horn R T Jr. (1987) Zoonotic dermatoses of dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 17 (1), 117-144 PubMed.


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