ISSN 2398-2950      

Pelvis: fracture

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Laura Owen

Rob Pettitt


Introduction

  • Cause: fractures of the feline pelvis occur as a result of major trauma, usually a road traffic accident.
  • Signs: cats may present as non-ambulatory, dragging their hindlimbs or with an acute onset hindlimb lameness.
  • Fractures are divided into:
    • Sacroiliac luxations.
    • Ilial shaft fractures.
    • Acetabular fractures.
    • Pelvic floor fractures.
    • Fractures of the pelvic margin (ilial wing and ischial tuberosity).
  • Treatment: surgery is generally advised for fractures involving the weight-bearing axis, patients with neurological injury or those with significant pelvic narrowing or pain. Patients with fractures outside of these categories are usually treated conservatively with cage rest and analgesia.
  • Prognosis: when managed appropriately the prognosis for pelvic fractures is generally good.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hamilton M H, Evans D A & Langley Hobbs S J (2009) Feline ilial fractures: assessment of screw loosening and pelvic canal narrowing after lateral placement. Vet Surg 38 (3), 326-333 PubMed.
  • Langley-Hobbs S J, Meeson R L, Hamilton M H et al (2009) Feline ilial fractures: A prospective study of dorsal plating and comparison with lateral plating. Vet Surg 38 (3), 334-342 PubMed.
  • Bookbinder P F & Flanders J A (1992) Characteristics of pelvic fracture in the cat. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology (3), 122-127 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Grierson J (2019) Dealing with pelvic fractures in cats. In Practice 41, 106-114 InPractice.

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