Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Parasitic skin disease: overview

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, David Scarff

Introduction

  • One of the most common causes of dermatoses in cats.
  • Cause: exposure of skin to ectoparasites +/- allergenic nature of parasite +/- excretory products.
  • Signs: range from mild to severe skin lesions +/- systemic involvement.
  • Diagnosis: identification of parasite by naked eye, microscopy or fecal examination.
  • Treatment: parasiticides.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Arthropods

Hymenoptera 

  • Bees.
  • Wasps.
  • Hornets.
  • Moths.
  • Ants.
  • Caterpillars.

Helminths

  • Ancylostoma braziliense, Ancylostoma caninum, Uncinaria stenocephala (ancyostomiasis and uncinariasis, hookworm dermatitis).
  • Pelodera strongyloides (pelodera dermatitis).
  • Anatrichosoma cutaneum (anatrichosomiasis).
  • Schistosomiasis.
  • Dracunculus spp. (dracunculiasis).
  • Lagochilascaris major.

Rickettsia

Protozoa

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Messinger L M (1995) Therapy for feline dermatoses. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 25 (4), 981-1005 PubMed.
  • Noxon J O (1995) Diagnostic procedures in feline dermatology. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 25 (4), 779-799 PubMed.
  • Power H T & Ihrke P J (1995) Selected feline eosinophilic skin diseases. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 25 (4), 833-850 PubMed.
  • Foley R H (1991) Parasitic mites of dogs and cats. Comp Contin Educ 13 (5), 783-800 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Nesbitt G H and Ackerman L J Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner. Veterinary Learning Systems Co, 1991. p 32. (Excellent Table of common parasitic diseases with history, clinical signs and diagnosis.)
  • Scott D W, Miller W H and Griffin C E Muller and Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology. 5th edn. Philadelphia: W B Saunders Company, 1995. pp 392-468. (Detailed dermatology text book for in-depth reading.)
  • Guaguere E & Prelaud P (2000) Guide Pratique de Dermatologie Feline Lyon: Merial.


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