Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Mastitis

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner, Joseph Harari

Introduction

  • Usually ascending bacterial (coliforms) infection through nipple during nursing (may be hematogenous or lymphogenous) - exacerbated by trauma, poor hygiene.
  • Signs: hot, painful mammary glands with purulent secretions; pyrexia, anorexia; young may be unable to feed - restless, cry, appear bloated.
  • Treatment: may need to wean young or feed artificially until infection controlled; culture/sensitivity specific antimicrobial therapy.
  • Prognosis: good with prompt treatment.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Pathophysiology

  • Ascending bacterial infection through nipple during nursing.
  • May be hematogenous or lymphogenous spread, eg metritis Acute metritis.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Dernell W B, Kreeger J (1992) Peracute necrotizing mastitis as a cause of fatal septicemia and endotoxemia in a dog. Canine Pract 17 (6), 25-29 VetMedResource.


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