Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Lymphocytic-plasmacytic stomatitis

Synonym(s): Chronic gingivitis-stomatitis, Plasma cell gingivitis Feline gingivitis-stomatitis

Contributor(s): Philip K Nicholls, James Simpson

Introduction

  • Should not be considered a specific disease but a syndrome.
  • Although the etiology is not known, is probably multifactoral.
  • A chronic disorder of the cat.
  • Can affect any age, breed or sex, but more common in young purebreds.
  • Clinical picture represents an excessive inflammatory response.
    Print off the owner factsheet on Feline stomatitis Feline stomatitis to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Not known.
  • May involve trauma, bacterial, viral or fungal agents.

Pathophysiology

  • Excessive immune response to repeated antigenic exposure.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Wiggs R B, Lobprise H B, Matthews J L et al (1993) Effects of preactivated MC540 in the treatment of lymphocytic plasmacytic stomatitis in feline leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus positive cats. J Vet Dent 10 (1), 9-13 PubMed.
  • Harvey C E (1991) Inflammatory oral disease in cats. JAAHA 27 (6), 585-91 VetMedResource.
  • Reindel J F, Trapp J L, Armstrong P J et al (1987) Recurrent plasmacytic stomatitis-pharyngitis in a cat with esophagitis, fibrosing gastritis, and gastric nematodiasis. JAVMA 190 (1), 65-67 PubMed.
  • Johnessee J S & Hurvitz A I (1983) Feline plasma cell gingivitis-pharyngitis. JAAHA 19 (2), 179-81 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Guilford W G (1993) Disorders of the gastrointestinal system. In: Textbook of Feline Medicine. Pergamon Press. pp 153.


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