ISSN 2398-2950      

Humerus: fracture

ffelis

Introduction

  • Cause: fractures of the feline humerus occur predominantly as a result of major trauma, usually a road traffic accident or fall from a height. 
  • Signs: acute onset, non-weight bearing forelimb lameness is the most common presentation. 
  • Fractures can be divided into four main regions:  
    • Fractures of the proximal physis. 
    • Diaphyseal fractures. 
    • Supracondylar fractures. 
    • Condylar fractures. 
  • Treatment: surgical treatment is recommended in the majority of cases. 
  • Prognosis: when managed appropriately and promptly the prognosis for humeral fractures is generally good, the most challenging fractures are the supracondylar with intracondylar involvement where treatment can be very challenging.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource
  • Chan A J, Reyes Rodriguez N A, Bailey S J, Langley-Hobbs S J (2020) Treatment of humeral condylar fractures and humeral intracondylar fissures in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome. J Feline Med Surg 22(10), 1008-1015 PubMed.
  • Longley M, Chase D, Calvo I, Hall J, Langley-Hobbs SJ, Farrell M (2018) A comparison of fixation methods for supracondylar and distal humeral shaft fractures of the dog and cat. Can Vet J 59(12), 1299-1304 PubMed.
  • Silva H R, Clements D N, Yeadon R, Fitzpatrick N (2012) Linear-circular external skeletal fixation of intra-condylar humeral fractures with supracondylar comminution in four cats. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 25(01), 61-66 PubMed.
  • Macias C, Gibbons S E, McKee W M (2006) Y‐T humeral fractures with supracondylar comminution in five cats. JSAP 47(2), 89-93 PubMed.
  • Langley‐Hobbs S J, Carmichael S, McCartney W T (1997) External skeletal fixation for stabilisation of comminuted humeral fractures in cats. JSAP 38(7), 280-285 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Montavon P, Voss K, Langley-Hobbs S J (2009) Humeral fractures. In: Feline Orthopedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Disease. Saunders Elsevier. 
  • Scott H, McLaughlin R (2006) Fractures and Disorders of the Forelimb. In: Feline Orthopaedics. CRC Press.

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