Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Feline infectious peritonitis

Synonym(s): FIP

Contributor(s): Diane Addie, Stephen Barr, Nicki Reed, Kim Willoughby

Introduction

  • Infectious disease with an immune mediated component.
  • Cause: feline coronavirus Feline corona virus: FIP.
  • Signs: occurs in two forms, wet (effusive) and dry (non-effusive):
    • Wet form: major clinical signs include ascites, dyspnea, pyrexia, anorexia and wasting.
    • Dry form: major clinical findings include neurological signs, pyrexia, renal and hepatic failure, uveitis, anorexia and wasting.
  • Diagnosis: signalment, history, signs, clinical pathology findings can raise suspicion. Histopathology is only definitive method.
    Serology - seropositivity for feline coronavirus does not confirm a diagnosis of FIP. Most seropositive cats are healthy and will not develop FIP.
  • Treatment: supportive.
  • Prognosis: hopeless in long term. A few cats can maintain a reasonable quality of life for some weeks.
    Print off the owner factsheet on FIP Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

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