Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Feline immunodeficiency virus disease

Synonym(s): FIV

Contributor(s): Stephen Barr, Michael Day, Richard Squires, Severine Tasker

Introduction

  • Cause: feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) Feline immunodeficiency virus.
  • Signs: primary disease (lymphadenopathy, systemic illness); secondary disease (immunodeficiency diseases), eg chronic stomatitis, diarrhea, skin disease and opportunistic infections.
  • Diagnosis: ELISA Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), rapid immunomigration, Western blot, virus isolation.
  • Treatment: drugs for secondary illnesses, eg antibiotics; short-term corticosteroids, specific anti-retroviral drugs rarely used.
  • Prognosis: depends on response of opportunistic and secondary diseases to treatment. Often quite good in short to medium-term.
    Print off the Owner factsheet on FIV Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

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