Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Facial nerve neuropathy

Synonym(s): Facial palsy

Contributor(s): Agnes Delauche, Agnes Delauche, Robin Franklin, Laurent Garosi

Introduction

  • Uni or bilateral facial paralysis or paresis.
  • Cause: immune-mediated , inflammation, eg otitis media/interna, middle ear polyps, infection , myasthenia gravis, toxins , eg botulism , trauma, eg brain trauma, primary or metastatic brain tumor, middle ear tumor, rarely, idiopathic.
  • Signs: drooping and inability to move the ear and lip, drooling, widened palpebral fissure, absent abduction of nostril during inspiration, deviation of nose towards normal side, absent spontaneous or provoked blinking.
  • Treament: symptomatic for the facial nerve paralysis, specific treatment for the primary disease may reverse the facial neuropathy.
  • Prognosis: variable depending on inciting cause.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

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