ISSN 2398-2950      

Cornea: herpesvirus keratitis

ffelis

Introduction

  • Cause: feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1).
  • Signs: are age dependent:
    • Neonates: neonatal conjunctivitis, ophthalmia neonatorum Neonatal ophthalmia.
    • Juveniles (ie primary infection): severe conjunctivitis and corneal epithelial defects   →   symblepharon Symblepharon  and keratoconjunctivitis sicca Eye: keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
    • Adults (ie probably recurrent infection): dendritic corneal epithelial defects or stromal keratitis.
  • Latent infection: feline herpesvirus can remain latent in the trigeminal ganglion   →   recrudescence following stress or corticosteroids.
  • Diagnosis: swabs/scrapes   →   polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • Treatment: antiviral agents.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gould D J (2011) Feline Herpesvirus-1: Ocular manifestations, diagnosis and treatment options. J Feline Med Surg 13 (5), 333-346 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hartley C (2014) The conjunctiva and third eyelid. In: BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Ophthalmology. 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. Eds David Gould & Gill McLellan. pp 182-199.
  • Gould D J, Papasouliotis K (2013) Veterinary Microbiology. In: Gelatt's Veterinary Ophthamology. 5th edn. Eds B Gilger, K N Gelatt.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code