Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Chlamydia disease

Synonym(s): Chlamydophila felis infection

Contributor(s): Stephen Barr, David Godfrey, Kim Willoughby

Introduction

  • Cause: contagious infection with the intracellular bacterium Chlamydophila felis Chlamydophila felis.
  • Signs: conjunctivitis (very rarely respiratory complications).
  • Diagnosis: detection of the organism using PCR, isolation of bacterium, cytology.
  • Treatment: topical and systemic tetracyclines.
  • Prognosis: good although carrier state may develop.
Print off owners factsheet on Chlamydia disease Chlamydia disease to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Predisposing factors

General

  • Stress-induced reactivation.

Pathophysiology

  • Maternal immunity wanes at 6-8 weeks.
  • Kittens then susceptible to airborne transmission.
  • Conjunctival replication   →   cells degenerate and slough   →   conjunctivitis 5-10 days after exposure.
  • Exudate initially serous but becomes mucopurulent.
  • Carrier state frequently develops and animal sheds chlamydia intermittently from oropharynx and may develop conjunctivitis after stressful episodes.

Timecourse

  • Weeks for acute disease.
  • Years for carrier state.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

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