ISSN 2398-2950      

Anterior uvea: traumatic uveitis

ffelis

Synonym(s): Uveitis, anterior uveitis, iritis, iridocyclitis


Introduction

  • Inflammation of anterior uveal tract (iris, ciliary body).
  • Cause: blunt or penetrating trauma to eye, especially cat scratches.
  • Signs: severe pain, hyphema, miosis, cloudy cornea, conjunctival hyperemia, visual disturbance.
  • Diagnosis: history, signs, ophthalmoscopy, ultrasonography, radiography.
  • Treatment: surgery if foreign body or large corneal tears; otherwise symptomatic medical.
  • Prognosis: poor if globe rupture, marked intraocular hemorrhage or large lens capsule laceration; otherwise good.
    Follow the diagnostic tree on Anterior Uveitis Anterior uveitis.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Blunt trauma to orbit.
  • Penetrating injury, eg foreign body, cat fight, gunshot.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Sansom J (2000) Diseases involving the anterior chamber of the dog and cat. In Practice 22 (2), 58-70 VetMedResource.
  • Goodhead A D (1996) Uveitis in dogs and cats - guidelines for the practitioner. J S Afr Vet Assoc 67 (1), 12-19 PubMed.
  • Håkanson N & Forrester S D (1990) Uveitis in the dog and cat. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 20 (3), 715-735 PubMed.
  • Winston S M (1981) Ocular emergencies. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 11 (1), 59-76 PubMed.
  • Bellhorn R W (1971) External ocular disease. Vet Clin North Am (2), 267-279 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Petersen-Jones S & Crispin S (2002) BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Ophthalmology. 2nd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. ISBN 0 905214 54 4

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