Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Synonym(s): S. epidermidis

Contributor(s): David Scarff, Richard Walker

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Family: Micrococcaceae.
  • Genus: Staphylococcus.
  • Species: epidermidis.

Etymology

  • Greek: epidermidis - of the epidermis.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Predominant among normal flora of skin.
  • Also colonizes the upper respiratory tract.

Lifecycle

  • Reproduces by binary fission in several planes to form clusters.
  • Does not form spores.

Transmission

  • Spread by direct and indirect contact.

Pathological effects

  • Not usually pathogenic.

Other Host Effects

  • Commensal.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Not usually pathogenic, therefore treatment rarely required.
  • Susceptible to many common antimicrobials.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Takahashi T, Kaneko M, Mori Y et al (1997) Phylogenetic analysis of Staphylococcus based on the 16S rDNA sequence and assignment of clinical isolates from animals. J Vet Med Sci 59(9), 775-783.
  • Igimi S et al (1994) Characterization of the most frequently encountered Staphylococcus spp in cats. Vet Microbiol 39(3-4), 255-260.
  • Krogh H V et al (1976) A study of skin diseases in dogs and cats. II. Microflora of the normal skin of dogs and cats. Nord Vet Med 28(9), 459-463.

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