ISSN 2398-2950      

Helicobacter spp

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Melissa Kennedy


Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Family: Spirillaceae.
  • Genus: Helicobacter.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Clinical diseases in cats and dogs is unclear compared with man.
  • Has been associated with gastritis in animals; infection is often subclinical.

Pathological effects

  • Isolated from gastric mucosa and gastric crypts in humans; cause of acute gastritis. May have role in etiology of gastric and duodenal ulcers.
  • Helicobacter-like organisms isolated from stomach of dogs and cats, ferrets, cheetahs and others. Most infections asymptomatic.

Other Host Effects

  • Signs:
    • Pica.
    • Chronic vomiting (may be intermittent).
    • Belching.
    • May have anorexia.
    • May have diarrhea.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Combined antibiotic therapy, eg erythromycin/metronidazole.
  • Usually combined with acid suppressor, eg omeprazole Omeprazole .

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Jalava K, On S L, Vandamme P A et al (1998) Isolation and identification of Helicobacter spp from canine and feline gastric mucosa. Appl Environ Microbiol 64 (10), 3998-4006 PubMed.

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