Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Candida albicans

Synonym(s): C. albicans

Contributor(s): Richard Walker

Introduction

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Transmission

  • Usually endogenous.

Pathological effects

  • Immunosuppression predisposes to disease development with this organism.
  • Neuraminidase and proteases may play a part in virulence.
  • Cell wall glycoproteins have an endotoxin-like activity.
  • Granulomas are rare; the inflammatory response is usually neutrophilic.
  • Lesions characterized by non-healing ulcers covered with white plaques.

Diseases caused

  • Genital tract infection: equine, avian, human.
  • Stomatitis/enteric infection: young equine, calf, bovine, canine, human.
  • Respiratory tract/lung infection: young bovine, feline, human.
  • Mastitis: bovine (usually mild infection - may be introduced during administration of antibiotics).

Other Host Effects

  • Common commensal.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

Topical

Systemic

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Fulton R B Jr et al(1992) Candida albicans urocystitis in a cat. JAVMA 200(4), 524-526.
  • Mancianti F et al(1992) Mycological findings in feline immunodeficiency virus-infected cats.  J Med Vet Mycol 30(3), 257-259.
  • Lorenzini R et al(1986) Antemortem diagnosis of an apparent case of feline candidiasis. Mycopathologia 93(1), 13-14.
  • McCaw D et al(1984) Pyothorax caused by Candida albicans in a cat. JAVMA 185(3), 311-312.

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