ISSN 2398-2950      

Candida albicans

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Richard Walker

Synonym(s): C. albicans


Introduction

Active Forms

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Transmission

  • Usually endogenous.

Pathological effects

  • Immunosuppression predisposes to disease development with this organism.
  • Neuraminidase and proteases may play a part in virulence.
  • Cell wall glycoproteins have an endotoxin-like activity.
  • Granulomas are rare; the inflammatory response is usually neutrophilic.
  • Lesions characterized by non-healing ulcers covered with white plaques.

Diseases caused

  • Genital tract infection: equine, avian, human.
  • Stomatitis/enteric infection: young equine, calf, bovine, canine, human.
  • Respiratory tract/lung infection: young bovine, feline, human.
  • Mastitis: bovine (usually mild infection - may be introduced during administration of antibiotics).

Other Host Effects

  • Common commensal.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

Topical

Systemic

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fulton R B Jr., Walker R D (1992) Candida albicans urocystitis in a cat. JAVMA 200 (4), 524-526 PubMed.
  • Mancianti F, Giannelli C, Bendinelli M et al (1992) Mycological findings in feline immunodeficiency virus-infected cats. J Med Vet Mycol 30 (3), 257-259 PubMed.
  • Lorenzini R, De Bernardis F (1986) Antemortem diagnosis of an apparent case of feline candidiasis. Mycopathologia 93 (1), 13-14 PubMed.
  • McCaw D, Franklin R, Fales W et al (1984) Pyothorax caused by Candida albicans in a cat. JAVMA 185 (3), 311-312 PubMed.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!