Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Povidone-iodine

Synonym(s): Iodophor, Polyvinylpyrrolidine-iodine complex, PVP, Tamodine, Betadine, Vetasept

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, David Perpinan

Introduction

Name

  • Povidone-iodine.

Class of drug

  • Topical antiseptic.
  • Topical germicide.
  • Topical antifungal agent.

Description

Chemical name

  • 1-ethyl-2pyrrolidinone homopolymer compound + iodine.
  • 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymers, iodine complex.

Molecular formula

  • (C6H9NO)n∙xl.

Molecular weight

  • Variable.

Physical properties

  • Solution.
  • Water-soluble compounds of iodine with a suitable carrier such as polyvinylpyrrolidone.
  • The amount of free iodine in these complexes is less, but a slow continuous release of iodine is produced and skin irritation is lessened.

Storage requirements

  • Room temperature.

Uses

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Indications

  • Used extensively in reptiles to treat:
    • Localized bacterial and fungal infections (skin, shell).
    • Dermal wounds.
  • Common antimicrobial agent used as a surgical scrub or skin cleanser.
  • Povidone-iodine has no negative effect on wound healing.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2015) Ed BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA, UK.
  • McArthur S, Wilkinson R & Meyer J (2004) Medicine and Surgery of Tortoises and Turtles. Blackwell Publishing, UK. pp 579.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.

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