Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Barium sulfate

Synonym(s): Barium 20%, BaO4S, BaSO4, Barite

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, David Perpinan

Introduction

Name

  • Barium sulfate.

Class of drug

  • X-ray radiocontrast agent.
  • Non-iodinated contrast medium.

Description

Chemical name

  • barium(2+);sulfate.

Molecular formula

  • BaO4S.

Molecular weight

  • 233.38.

Physical properties

  • A white/yellow odorless powder/small crystals.

Storage requirements

  • In tightly closed containers at controlled room temperature (20-25°C/68-77°F).

Uses

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Indications

  • Contrast radiographic or computed tomography studies.
  • Mainly to delineate the GI tract for cases of foreign bodies, obstruction, distension, constipation, gastric hyperplasia in snakes with cryptosporidiosis.
  • Common non-invasive diagnostic technique that does not require anesthesia to visualize the digestive tract.
  • Excellent quality of contrast.
  • Inexpensive.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Grosset C, Daniaux L, Guzman D S M et al (2014) Radiographic anatomy and barium sulfate contrast transit time of the gastrointestinal tract of bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps). Vet Radiol Ultrasound 55 (3), 241-250 WileyOnline.

Other sources of information

  • Mader D R (2006) Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Saunders Elsevier, USA. pp 1242.
  • McArthur S, Wilkinson R & Meyer J (2004) Medicine and Surgery of Tortoises and Turtles. Blackwell Publishing, UK. pp 579.
  • Girling S J & Raiti P (2004) BSAVA Manual of Reptiles. BSAVA, UK. pp 383.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.

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