Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Ocular anatomy and physiology

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Lesa Thompson

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Introduction

  • The eyes of lizards, snakes, crocodilians and chelonia are surprisingly different, these variations giving considerable insight into both the diversity of their evolutionary origins and their current residence in different ecological niches.
  • The eye shows how species have modified their basic equipment to current conditions and evolutionary opportunities.
  • Study of the eye may contribute to reconstruction of a group’s phylogeny.
Print off the Owner Factsheets on Eye conditions in chameleons, Eye conditions in geckos, Eye conditions in Lizards, Eye conditions in snakes, Eye conditions in terrapins and/or Eye conditions in tortoises to give to your clients.

Lizards

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Snakes

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Chelonia

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Spectacle

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Reptile vision

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Wilson B (2017) Lizards. In: Exotic Animal Medicine for the Veterinary Technician. 3rd edn. Eds: Ballard B & Cheek R. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 95-136.
  • Cheek R & Crane M (2017) Snakes. In: Exotic Animal Medicine for the Veterinary Technician. 3rd edn. Eds: Ballard B & Cheek R. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 137-181.
  • Rivera S (2017) Chelonians. In: Exotic Animal Medicine for the Veterinary Technician. 3rd edn. Eds: Ballard B & Cheek R. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 183-196.
  • Girling S J (2013) Basic Reptile and Amphibian Anatomy and Physiology. In: Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 246-265.
  • Williams D (2012) The Reptile Eye. In: Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets. Wiley-Blackwell, UK. pp 159-193.
  • Lawton M P C (2006) Reptilian Ophthalmology. In: Reptile Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. Eds: Mader D R. Saunders-Elsevier, USA. pp 323-342.

Reproduced with permission from Bonnie Ballard & Ryan Cheek: Exotic Animal Medicine for the Veterinary Technician © 2017, Simon J Girling: Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets © 2013, and David L Williams: Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets © 2012, published by John Wiley & Sons.


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