Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Anesthetic protocols

Contributor(s): David Perpinan, Sarah Pellett

Induction

  • Anesthetic protocols may be selected based on personal preference of the veterinarian, availability of anesthetic drugs/equipment, species, size of the patient and type of procedure.
  • For the exotic animal clinician, one or two protocols may be enough for the kind of reptiles than present to a veterinary hospital.
  • The gold standard for reptile anesthesia is considered to be induction with injectable anesthetics and maintenance with inhalant anesthetics, but other options are also available.

Protocol 1

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Protocol 2

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Protocol 3

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Protocol 4

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Other protocols

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Adel M, Sadegh A B, Arizza V et al (2017) Anesthetic efficacy of ketamine-diazepam, ketamine-xylazine, and ketamine-acepromazine in Caspian pond turtles (Mauremys caspica). Indian J Pharmacol 49 (1), 93-97 PubMed.
  • West J A (2017) Alfaxalone. J Exotic Pet Med 26 (2), 156-161 JExoticPetMed.
  • Keller K (2015) Therapeutic review: propofol and fospropofol. J Exotic Anim Med 24 (3), 367-371 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • West G, Heard D & Caulkett N (2014) Eds Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, USA. pp 950.
  • Mader D R (2006) Ed Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Saunders Elsevier, USA. pp 1242.
  • Girling S J & Raiti P (2004) BSAVA Manual of Reptiles. BSAVA, UK. pp 383.
  • McArthur S, Wilkinson R & Meyer J (2004) Medicine and Surgery of Tortoises and Turtles. Wiley-Blackwell, UK. pp 579.


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