Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Green iguana

Synonym(s): Iguana iguana

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Kirsty Dewhurst

Introduction

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Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Family: Iguanidae. 
  • Genus: Iguana
  • Species: iguana

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to Central America, South America and the Caribbean. 
  • Found in subtropical and tropical climates. 
  • Often found near water, the green iguana is primarily tree-dwelling, leaving the tree tops only to mate, lay eggs or change home. 

Species status

  • In its native countries, the green iguana and their eggs are actively hunted for human consumption. 
  • They may also fall prey to predatory birds, however this is usually when they are smaller or younger. 

Life span

  • In captivity, 15-20 years. 

Diet

  • Herbivore. 
  • In captivity leafy greens are the predominant source of food, including dandelion greens, turnip greens, mustard greens, flowers and sometimes fruit.  
  • In the wild; a wide variety of any available food sources including fruit, flowers, leaves and vegetables. 
  • Green iguanas require a diet radio of 2:1 calcium to phosphorous, meaning supplements are required in captivity Lizard nutrition

Breeding

  • Sexual maturity is reach at around 2-4 years Lizard reproduction
  • Females lay one clutch per year. 
  • They will lay around 10-30 eggs around 9 weeks.
  • After the eggs have been laid, the female provides no protection for the eggs/hatchlings. 
  • Incubation period is usually 10-15 weeks.

As pets

  • Commonly kept as pets. 
  • Experience and researching the species is strongly advised before purchasing.
  • Can be a very complex pet and requires a lot of care.

Biological Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kohler G (2003) Green Iguana Communication. Iguana J Int Iguana Soc 10 (2), 50-52.

Other sources of information

  • Bock B et al (2018) Iguana iguana. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Website: www.iucnredlist.org. Last accessed 10th July 2018.
  • National Geographic (2018) Green Iguana. Website: www.nationalgeographic.com. Last accessed 16th February 2018. 
  • Pet MD (2018) Green Iguana – Iguana iguana. Website: www.petmd.com. Last accessed 16th February 2018. 
  • Reptiles Magazine (2018) Green Iguana Care Sheet. Website: www.reptilesmagazine.com. Last accessed 16th February 2018. 
  • Wildscreen (2018) Iguana Iguana. Website: https://www.arkive.org. Last accessed 16th February 2018. 
  • Reptile park (2017) Green Iguana. Website: reptilepark.com.au. Last accessed 16th February 2018. 
  • Bock B (2014) Iguana Iguana. Website: www.iucn-isg.org. Last accessed 10th July 2018.
  • Labefer Vet (2012) Care of the Green Iguana. Website: https://lafeber.com. Last accessed 10th July 2018.
  • Pollock C (2012) Green or Common Iguana (Iguana iguana). Website: https://lafeber.com. Last accessed 10th July 2018 .
  • Green Iguana Society (2009) Body Language. Website: www.greenigsociety.org. Last accessed 10th July 2018.
  • World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Green Iguana - Iguana Iguana. Website: www.waza.org. Last accessed 10th July 2018 .

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