Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Green anole

Synonym(s): Anolis carolinensis, Carolina anole

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Kirsty Dewhurst

Introduction

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Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Family: Dactyloidae. 
  • Genus: Anolis
  • Species: carolinensis

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to the USA, found mainly in the southeastern states, Texas and Florida. 
  • Can now also be found in the Caribbean islands, Hawaii, and the Ogasawara Islands. 
  • Found in subtropical areas – may be seen on the ground in tall grasses, in shrubs, in tree trunks and shrubs, or on steps/railings in urban areas.

Species status

  • Least concern. 
  • The brown anole Brown anole, can pose threat in some areas. 
  • Major predators include snakes, birds, cats. 

Life span

  • In the wild, 2-8 years. 
  • In captivity, 2-7 years.
  • On average 3-5 years.

Diet

  • Insectivorous. 
  • Small insects, eg mealworms, crickets, grasshoppers, spiders and flies Lizard nutrition

Variations

  • Two subspecies: 
    • Anolis carolinensis carolinensis (northern green anole). 
    • Anolis carolinensis seminolus (southern green anole). 

Breeding

  • Breeding season is generally April-August Lizard reproduction
  • Eggs can be produced every 2 weeks, until up to 10 eggs have been laid. 
  • Females can store sperm for up to 28 weeks following mating.

As pets

  • Can be kept as pets, but it is advised not to handle them often, as they are nervous creatures. 
  • Experience and having a general knowledge of the species before purchase is always advised.

Predatory behavior

  • Green anoles leap down to engulf their food/prey.
  • They also use a 'wait and strike' method.
  • The technique depends on how much energy they want to conserve.

Biological Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • The Spruce (2017) Do Green Anoles Make Good Pets? Website: www.thespruce.com. Last accessed 19th February 2018. 
  • The Spruce (2017) Green Anoles. Website: www.thespruce.com. Last accessed 19th February 2018. 
  • Reptiles Magazine (2014) Green Anole Care Sheet. Website: www.reptilesmagazine.com. Last accessed 19th February 2018. 
  • Crawford C (2011) Anolis carolinensis. http://animaldiversity.org. Last accessed 6th July 2018.
  • Essortment (2011) Common Health Issues of Green Anole Lizards. Website: www.essortment.com. Last accessed 19th February 2018.
  • Unusual Pet Care (2009) Green Anole. Zoological Education Network Inc, USA. pp 61-64.
  • Frost D R & Hammerson G A (2007) Anolis carolinensis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Website: www.iucnredlist.org. Last accessed 6th July 2018.
  • Encyclopedia of Life. Anolis carolinensis Green Anole. Website: http://eol.org. Last accessed 5th July 2018.

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