Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Chinese water dragon

Synonym(s): Physignathus cocincinus, Asian water dragon

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Kirsty Dewhurst

Introduction

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Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Suborder: Iguania. 
  • Family: Agamidae. 
  • Genus: Physignathus
  • Species: cocincinus

Distribution and habitat

  • Can be found in China, Indochina, Thailand and Vietnam amongst other countries. 
  • Generally found in the forests near freshwater lakes and streams. 
  • Spend a lot of their time swimming. 

Species status

  • Not assessed. 

Life span

  • 10-15 years. 

Diet

  • Omnivorous. 
  • Insects, fish, reptiles, small mammals and vegetation Lizard nutrition
  • They become more omnivorous as they get older.
  • It's advisable to dust food with a good quality low phosphorous calcium powder; ensure the manufacturer's guidelines are followed.

Breeding

  • Begins at around 2-3 years of age. 
  • Occurs in late winter/early spring. 
  • Gestation period is no longer than a couple of months Lizard reproduction
  • Incubation period for eggs is approximately 60 days.
  • Litter sizes are between 5-15 eggs. 

As pets

  • Can be kept as pets. They are very attracitve reptiles, however the correct environment, temperature, humidity and water supply needs to be provided.
  • Owners should be advised to fully research the species before purchasing.
  • It is important to remember that they need a good water supply as they spend a good amount of time in water in the wild.

Biological Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Reptiles Magazine (2018) Chinese Water Dragon Care Sheet. Website: www.reptilesmagazine.com. Last accessed 12th February 2018.
  • Uetz P & Hošek J (2018) Species Details: Physignathus cocincinus Cuvier, 1829. Website: www.catalogueoflife.org. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • The Spruce (2017) Meet the Chinese Water Dragon. Website: www.thespruce.com. Last accessed 12th February 2018.
  • Tait N et al (2015) Lizards. In: The Encyclopedia of Reptiles Amphibians & Invertebrates. Eds: GoodwinS et al. Red Lemon Press, UK. pp 43.
  • East Sussex Reptile and Amphibian Society (2014) Chinese Water Dragon Care Sheet. Website: www.esras.co.uk. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • East Sussex Reptile and Amphibian Society (2014) Chinese Water Dragon (Physignathus cocincinus). Website: www.esras.co.uk. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • Polloc C (2012) Basic Information Sheet: Chinese or Green Water Dragons. Website: https://lafeber.com. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • Tricias Water Dragon (2012) Common Ailments of the Chinese Water Dragon. Website: www.triciaswaterdragon.com. Last accessed 12th February 2018.
  • Vitt L & Caldwell J (2009) Defence and Escape. In: Herpetology An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. 3rd ed. Elsevier, UK. pp 307.
  • O'Malley B (2005) Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of Exotic Species. In: Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of Exotic Species : Structure and Function of Mammals, Birds, Reptiles and Amphibians. Elsevier, UK. pp 67.
  • O'Shea M & Halliday T (2002) Lizards. In: Reptiles & Amphibians.  Ed: Avery R. Dorling Kindersley Ltd, UK. pp 76.
  • Chinese Water Dragon Breeding. Website: www.chinesewaterdragon.net. Last accessed 12th February 2018.

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