Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Reptiles

Brown anole

Synonym(s): Anolis sagrei

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Kirsty Dewhurst

Introduction

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Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Suborder: Iguania. 
  • Family: Dactyloidae. 
  • Genus: Anolis
  • Species: sagrei.

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to the Bahamas and Cuba. 
  • They can also now be found in some of the United States, Cuba, the Caribbean islands and Taiwan. 
  • Their range is still expanding. 
  • Usually found living in open habitats, including trees, or even on open ground. 
  • They can thrive in most environments. 

Species status

  • Secure, not currently under threat. In fact, they are one of the most inexhaustible species of lizard in some states of America. 
  • Predators include rats, snakes, birds and cats. 

Life span

  • In the wild: approximately 4 years. 
  • In captivity: approximately 8 years. 

Diet

  • Carnivorous. 
  • Insects, eg grasshoppers, ants, crickets, spiders, waxworms, etc Lizard nutrition
  • They also eat other small lizards, and sometimes even their own hatchlings and hatchlings of the Green anole Green anole
  • After shedding, they may also eat their own skin which acts as a source of calcium for them.

Breeding

  • Egg laying occurs in the warm months (March-September).
  • Males are sexually mature from around one years old.
  • Males will usually breed with resident anoles, or non-resident females if they have a choice.
  • If the female is interested in mating she will head bob, arch her neck and allow the male to bite onto her neck to gain the mating position.
  • Males will show their colorful dewlaps before and during mating.
  • This anole can produce offspring from more than one male.
  • Females lay one single egg into soil at 14-day intervals Lizard reproduction
  • In total, females lay 15-18 eggs per breeding season. 
  • Hatchlings will incubate for 40-60 days. 

As pets

  • Popular as pets, however researching the species and providing an appropriate enclosure is vital.

Predatory behavior

  • They may pounce on any insects/prey that they see moving.
  • They will also consume other anoles eggs.

Biological Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Animal Spot (2018) Brown Anole. Website: www.animalspot.net. Last accessed 19th February 2018.
  • Reptiles Magazine (2018) Brown Anole. Website: www.reptilesmagazine.com. Last accessed 19th February 2018. 
  • Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (2018) Brown Anole (Anolis sagrei). Website: srelherp.uga.edu. Last accessed 19th February 2018.
  • Conservation & Education Department - Oakland Zoo (2017) Brown Anole (Cuban Anole). Website: www.oaklandzoo.org. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • Encyclopedia of Life (2011) Norops sagrei – Brown Anole. Website: eol.org. Last accessed 19th February 2018.
  • Losos J (2009) Social Behaviour, Selection and Dimorphism. In: University of California Press Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree - Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Univeristy California Press, USA. pp 172-176.
  • Vitt L & Caldwell J (2009) Behavioural Ecology. In: Herpetolgy - An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. 3rd edn. Elsevier Academic Press, USA. pp 262.
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Anolis Sagrei. Website: www.itis.gov. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • Savannah River Ecology Labratory. Brown Anole (Anolis sagrei) - Introduced. Website: https://srelherp.uga.edu. Last accessed 15th June 2018.

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