Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Guinea Pigs

Urinalysis: ketones

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Elisabetta Mancinelli

Overview

  • Normally absent from blood and urine.
  • Accurate way to detect ketosis.
  • Ketonuria is a poor prognostic sign in urine of anorexic Anorexia guinea pigs as it is associated with the development of hepatic lipidosis Hepatic lipidosis.

Sampling

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Tests

Methodologies

  • Mix the urine specimen thoroughly.
  • Pipette urine onto dipstick pads.
  • Hold horizontally to avoid run-off between pads.
  • Read test at correct interval.

Availability

  • All veterinary practices.
  • External laboratories.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Quesenberry K E, Donnelly T M & Mans C (2012) Biology, Husbandry and Clinical Techniques of Guinea Pigs and Chinchillas. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis. pp 279-294.
  • Bishop C R, Fisher J, Brossoit A & Pierson C (2010) Standardization of Renal Physiology Parameters in Guinea Pigs Via Urinalysis. In: Proc 31st Annu Conf Ass Av Vet. pp 49-52.
  • Lichtenberger M L & Hawkins M G (2009) Rodents: Physical Examination and Emergency Care. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Gloucester, UK. pp 18-31.
  • Wesche P (2009) Rodents: Clinical Pathology. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Gloucester, UK. pp 42-51.
  • Fisher P G (2006) Exotic Mammal Renal Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 9 (1), 69-96 PubMed.


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