Exotis ISSN 2398-2985Guinea Pigs Blood biochemistry: overview Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Molly Varga Overview Sampling Tests Result Data Overview Measuring plasma levels of nutrients, metabolites, enzymes, etc, can provide general or specific data about organ function and disease processes. Parameters measured include: Total protein Blood biochemistry: total protein. Albumin Blood biochemistry: albumin Urinalysis: erythrocytes. Total globulin Blood biochemistry: total globulin. Alpha, beta, gamma globulins. Sodium Blood biochemistry: sodium. Potassium Blood biochemistry: potassium. Chloride Bicarbonate. Calcium Blood biochemistry: calcium. Phosphate Blood biochemistry: phosphate. Copper. Cobalt. Selenium. Lead. Iron. Urea Blood biochemistry: urea. Creatinine Blood biochemistry: creatinine. Ammonia. Glucose Blood biochemistry: glucose. Fructosamine. Bile acids Blood biochemistry: bile acids. Bilirubin - direct; and total Blood biochemistry: total bilirubin. Cholesterol Blood biochemistry: cholesterol. Total lipids. Triglycerides. Glycerol. Free fatty acids. Creatinine phosphokinase. Lactate dehydrogenase Blood biochemistry: lactate dehydrogenase. Aspartate amino transferase Blood biochemistry: aspartate aminotransferase. Alanine amino transferase Blood biochemistry: alanine aminotransferase (SGPT, ALT). Gammaglutamyl transferase Blood biochemistry: gammaglutamyl transferase. Alkaline phosphatase Blood biochemistry: alkaline phosphatase. Alpha-amylase. Lipase. Trypsin-like immunoreactivity (TL). Acid phosphatase. Glutathione peroxidase. Glutamate dehydrogenase Blood biochemistry: glutamate dehydrogenase. Hormones: cortisol, thyroxine; parathyroid hormone. Vitamin B12. Folate. Para-aminobenzoic acid. C reactive protein. Sampling This article is available in full to registered subscribers Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login Tests Methodologies A number of different methodologies may be available for any given test. Availability Many tests are routinely available - if in doubt, contact the laboratory to confirm availability of a specific test. ValiditySensitivity The percentage of diseased animals with abnormal results. Specificity The percentage of non-diseased animals with normal results. Predictive value How well the test performs in a given population of animals (the probability that the result reflects the true status of the animal). Technique (intrinsic) limitations In general, results of any given test are most significant when interpreted in conjunction with other laboratory and clinical findings. Result Data This article is available in full to registered subscribers Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login Further ReadingPublicationsRefereed papers Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource. Benson K G & Paul-Murphy J (1999) Clinical pathology of the domestic rabbit: acquisition and interpretation of samples. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 2 (3), 539-552 PubMed. Other sources of information Fudge A M (1999) Laboratory Medicine. Avian and Exotic Pets. W B Saunders Co. ISBN: 0721 676 790.