Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Guinea Pigs

Blood biochemistry: calcium

Synonym(s): Ca

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Molly Varga

Overview

  • Major constituent of bones and teeth.
  • Physiological functions include nerve transmission and blood clotting.
  • Comprises three fractions: ionized (50%, biologically active), protein bound (40%) and chelated to anions (10%).
  • Hypercalcemia has been proposed as a cause of renal disease, but is more usually seen as a sequel.
  • Total and ionized calcium levels should be assessed.

Sampling

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Tests

Availability

  • Routine availability at commercial laboratories.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • Test results only significant in conjunction with other laboratory results and clinical findings.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Benson K G & Paul-Murphy J (1999) Clinical pathology of the domestic rabbit: acquisition and interpretation of samples. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 2 (3), 539-552 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Varga M (2014) Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. 2nd edn. Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier, London.
  • Ardiaca M, Bonhevi C & Montesions A (2013) Point of Care Blood Gas and Electrolyte Analysis in Rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 6, 175-196. 
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2013) Diagnosis of Renal Disease in Rabbits. In: Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 16, 145-174.
  • Jeckl V & Redrobe S (2013) Rabbit Dental Disease and Calcium Metabolism - The Science Behind Divided Opinions. JSAP 54 (9), 481-490.
  • Wesche P (2014) Clinical Pathology in BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, Gloucester, UK. pp 124-137.
  • Donnelly T M (1997) Basic Anatomy, Physiology and Husbandry. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Hillyer E V S & Quesenbery K E. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 147-159.


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