Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Guinea Pigs

Nalbuphine

Synonym(s): Nalbuphine HCL, Nubain

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, David Perpinan

Introduction

Name

  • Nalbuphine.

Class of drug

  • Opioid analgesic.
  • Opioid reversal agent.
  • Opioid agonist/antagonist.

Description

Chemical name

  • ()-17-(cyclobutylmethyl)- 4,5alpha-epoxymorphinan-3,6alpha,14-triol hydrochloride.

Molecular formula

  • C21H27NO4.

Molecular weight

  • 357.44.

Physical properties

  • Soluble in water and ethanol.

Storage requirements

  • Store at controlled room temperature and protected from light.

Uses

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Indications

  • Analgesia (for moderate to severe pain).
  • Narcotic reversal agent.
  • Antagonization of some of the adverse effects of pre-administered opioid agonists without complete reversal of analgesia (sequential analgesia).

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

Barbiturate anesthetics, phenothiazines and tranquilizers
  • May enhance nalbuphine's respiratory and central nervous depression.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Ramsey I (2014) BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. 8th edn. BSAVA. ISBN: 9781905319657.
  • Veterinary Medicines Directorate (2013) Veterinary Medicines Guidance Notes. Website: www.gov.uk.
  • Maguire S & Hawk C T (2012) Formulary. In: The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster and other Rodents. Eds: Suckow M, Stevens K, Wilson R. Academic Press, United States. pp 1193-1229.
  • Hawk C T & Leary S (1995) Formulary for Laboratory Animals. Compiled in association with ACLAM (1995). Iowa State University Press, Ames.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.

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