Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Guinea Pigs

Morphine

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Mark Naguib

Introduction

Name

  • Morphine.

Class of drug

  • Opioid analgesic.

Description

Chemical name

  • (5α,6α)-7,8-didehydro- 4,5-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6-diol.

Molecular formula

  • C17H19NO3.

Storage requirements

  • Must be stored in a locked safe and its use recorded in a logbook.

Uses

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Indications

  • A narcotic analgesic used primarily as a pre-anesthetic agent.
  • Peri-operative and severe traumatic pain relief.
  • Extradural analgesia.

Administration

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Pharmacokinetics

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Precautions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Interactions

with other drugs

CNS depressants (anesthetics, antihistamines, barbiturates, phenothiazines, tranquilizers)
  • Enhanced central nervous system (CNS) or respiratory depression may occur.

with diagnostic tests

Plasma amylase or lipase
  • As narcotic analgesics can increase biliary tract pressure, levels may be increased for up to 24 h after drug administration.

Adverse Reactions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Heard D J (1993) Principles and techniques of anaesthesia and analgesia for exotic practice. Veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice 23, 1301-1327 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2015) Ed BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA, Cheltenham, UK. ISBN: 1905319827.
  • Flecknell P A (2002) Guinea Pigs. In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets. 4th edn. Eds: Meredith A & Redrobe S. BSAVA, Cheltenham, UK. pp 52-64.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.

ADDED