ISSN 2398-2985      

Thoracic radiography

4ferrets
Contributor(s):

Sonya Miles

Agata Witkowska


Introduction

  • To provide information on thoracic anatomy and potential pathology for both skeletal and soft tissue structures.
  • To allow a cardiological evaluation:
    • Evaluation of heart size.
    • Changes in chamber size.
    • Enlargement of blood vessels.
    • Changes to lung parenchyma/bronchi/pulmonary blood vessels.
  • Thoracic radiography is indicated when a patient demonstrates:
    • Dyspnea.
    • Forced expiratory breathing.
    • Paradoxical respiratory movements.
    • Nasal discharge, eg bloody-foamy, severe serous or purulent, slight nasal discharge with generalized malaise.
    • Muffled heart sounds.
    • Non-specific respiratory signs.
    • Heart murmur.
    • Suspected thoracic effusion.
    • Gut sounds in the thorax.
    • Reflux/regurgitation.
    • Bilateral exophthalmos.
    • Suspected metastasis.

Uses

Advantages

  • Quick.
  • Simple to use.
  • Standard equipment in most veterinary practices, therefore likely to be readily available.
  • Relatively inexpensive.
  • Requires minimal clinical experience.

Disadvantages

  • 2D images only.
  • Likely to miss minute detail in comparison to CT scanning.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Stepien R L, Benson K G, Forrest L J (2005) Radiographic measurement of cardiac size in normal ferrets. Vet Radio Ultra 40 (6), 606-610 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hedley J (2020) BSAVA Small Animal Formulary Part B: Exotic Pets. 10th edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 204-205.
  • Krautwald-Junghannsm M E, Pees M, Reese S & Tully T (2009) Diagnostic Imaging of Exotic Pets. Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Germany. pp 143-299.

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