ISSN 2398-2985      

Gastrotomy / gastrectomy

4ferrets

Introduction

  • The most common indications for gastrotomy in exotic species includes foreign body ingestion Gastrointestinal foreign bodies, trichobezoars Hair balls, neoplasia Gastrointestinal neoplasia and gastric biopsy Biopsy overview.
  • Foreign body ingestion is common in ferrets:
    • This includes things such as pieces of toys or bones.
    • This happens most commonly in juveniles.
  • Trichobezoars have also been reported in older individuals.
  • Acute and chronic anorexia often leads to a negative energy balance in many exotic species with a secondary hepatic lipidosis Hepatic lipidosis.
  • Ulceration and necrosis of the stomach may occur, and gastrectomy may be indicated in some patients if a perforation is suspected on laparotomy Laparotomy.
  • Care needs to be taken when handling the gastrointestinal tract in many exotic species as the organ wall is often very thin, particularly when stretched due to bloat (cecum, stomach).
  • To avoid iatrogenic tissue trauma during gastrotomy it can be helpful to have an assistant holding the relevant tissues instead.

Uses

  • Foreign body removal.
  • Neoplasia.
  • Gastric biopsy.

Advantages

  • Gastrotomy and gastrectomy allow for direct visualization of the gastrointestinal tract and possible ulceration.
  • Biopsies of the gastric lining can be collected and removal of foreign bodies as well as biopsies and resection of necrotic lining performed.

Disadvantages

  • Invasive procedure requiring laparotomy Laparotomy.
Print off the Owner Factsheet on Intestinal obstructions, Hairballs and Impactions - what's the blockage? to give to your clients.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prognosis

  • Gastrotomy: good to guarded.
  • Gastrectomy: guarded.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Miwa Y & Sladky K (2016) Small mammals: common surgical procedures of rodents, ferrets, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 19 (1), 205-244 PubMed.
  • Mullen H S (2000) Nonreproductive surgery in small mammals. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Prac 3 (3), 629-645 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Mitchell M & Tully T N (2016) Gastrointestinal System. In: Current Therapy in Exotic Pet Practice. Elsevier, USA. pp 221-276.
  • Bojrab M J, Waldron D R, Toombs J P & Monnet E (2014) Surgical Techniques in Small Exotic Animals. In: Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 5th edn. Scopus, USA. pp. 690-691.
  • Quesenberry K A & J W Carpenter (2012) Gastrointestinal Diseases. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Saunders Elsevier, USA. pp 27-45.
  • Quesenberry K A & J W Carpenter (2012) Soft Tissue Surgery. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Saunders Elsevier, USA. pp 373-391.
  • Keeble E & Meredith A (2009) Ferrets: Common Surgical Procedures. In: BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. BSAVA, UK. pp 254-264.
  • Orcutt C J (2005) Fluid Therapy in Small Mammals. In: Proc North American Veterinary Conference. pp 1366-1368. Website: www.ivis.org.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code