ISSN 2398-2985      

Digit/limb amputation

4ferrets

Introduction

  • Complete or partial removal of a digit or limb where medical treatment is prohibited, has not been successful or repair surgery not possible Digit/limb trauma.

Uses

Advantages

  • Requires a shorter anesthetic than fracture fixation: one surgery required only, no need for implant removal.
  • Cheaper alternative to surgical fracture fixation:
    • Where finances are limited.
    • Where the animal does not qualify for a long anesthetic.
    • Where fractures are pathological, complicated or involve a joint space.
  • Fast recovery and mobility adaptation are usually seen.

Disadvantages

  • General anesthetic required.
  • Risk of hemorrhage.
  • Cosmetic change may be difficult for some owners to accept.
  • Frequent monitoring of the other limb needed.
  • Husbandry adjustments post-operatively:
    • Ensuring soft, pressure-absorbing bedding is provided to prevent development of pododermatitis in the other limb.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good to guarded depending if underlying pathology present.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Eshar D, Wyre N R, Griessmayr P & Hoots E (2010) Diagnosis and treatment of myelo-osteolytic plasmablastic lymphoma of the femur in a domestic ferret. JAVMA 15 (4) PubMed.
  • Van Zeeland Y R A, Hernandez-Divers S J, Blasier M W, Vila-Garcia G, Delong D & Stedman N L (2006) Carpal myxosarcoma and forelimb amputation in a ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Vet Rec 159, 782-785 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Mehler S J (2014) Surgery. In: Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. 3rd edn. Eds: James F G & Marini R P. pp 305.

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