Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Caesarean section

Contributor(s): Agata Witkowska, Vicki Baldrey

Introduction

  • An uncommon procedure in ferrets performed in cases of dystocia Dystocia unresponsive to medical treatment.
  • Most cases of dystocia require surgical management.

Maternal factors

  • Uterine inertia unresponsive to medical treatment.
  • Small pelvic canal.
  • Uterine torsion.
  • Obesity.
  • Older jill.

Environmental factors

  • Elevated environmental temperatures above 21°C/69.8°F can lead to dystocia due to maternal distress.

Fetal factors

  • Fetal size.
  • Malpresentation.
  • Death.
  • Deformity.
  • Small litter size (<3 kits) may fail to produce adequate stimulus for parturition.

Elective

  • Due to the high risk of anesthesia, elective caesarean sections are contraindicated.

Uses

Advantages

  • Can increase the survival chances for the jill with dystocia Dystocia as well as the fetus.

Disadvantages

  • High risk of anesthesia.
  • Potential for surgical complications.
  • Fetal hypoxia is a risk.
  • Higher cost than medical management.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Guarded.
  • The need for caesarean section surgery is rare in ferrets.
  • Many patients will be presented late in the delivery process and often when dystocia has been taking place for a long time.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Fox J G, Bell J A & Broome R (2014) Growth and Reproduction. In: Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. Eds: Fox J G & Marini R P. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 187-202.
  • Bennett R A (2012) Soft Tissue Surgery. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Carpenter J W & Quesenberry K E. 3rd edn. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 329-330.
  • Pollock C G (2012) Disorders of the Urinary and Reproductive Systems. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Carpenter J W & Quesenberry K E. 3rd ed. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 57-59.


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