ISSN 2398-2985      

Urinalysis: leukocytes

4ferrets

Synonym(s): White blood cells, WBC


Overview

  • Test dipsticks for leukocytes is considered inaccurate and must be viewed cautiously.
  • Cytology is used to identify white blood cells (WBCs) in urine.
  • Increased WBCs on microscopy can indicate inflammation of the urinary tract due to infection, urolithiasis Cystitis and urolithiasis, irritation or rarely neoplasia.

Sampling

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Tests

Methodologies

  • Decant supernatant.
    • EITHER add 1 drop of sedistain or a supravital stain such as Sternheimer-Malbin to the sediment.
    • OR leave 0.5 ml urine in centrifuge tube.
  • Re-suspend sediment by tapping the centrifuge tube.
  • Transfer one drop of sediment to a microscope slide and place a coverslip over it.
  • Systematically examine the slide under a low power objective, assessing quantity and type of sediment.
  • Examine sediment under the high power objective to assess cell morphology and to detect bacteria within the sample.

Availability

  • All veterinary practices.
  • External laboratories.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Lennox A (2009) Ferrets: Clinical pathology. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 230-236

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