Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Blood biochemistry: chloride

Synonym(s): Cl

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, David Perpinan

Overview

  • Major extracellular inorganic anion, along with bicarbonate.
  • Helps regulate acid-base and fluid balance.
  • Biggest component of gastric juices.
  • Freely diffusible throughout extracellular fluid.
  • Chloride may change inversely with bicarbonate, but is more related (directly) to sodium levels.
  • Chloride follows sodium.
  • Changes of chloride independent of sodium usually occur with changes in acid-base status.
  • Chloride is regulated by the kidneys; it is filtered out by the glomeruli and is reabsorbed in the tubules, where it follows water and sodium.

Sampling

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Tests

Availability

  • Widely available at commercial laboratories.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • Test results only significant in conjunction with other laboratory test results and clinical findings.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hein J, Spreyer F, Sauter-Louis C et al (2012) Reference ranges for laboratory parameters in ferrets. Vet Rec 171, 218 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Mayer J & Donnelly T M (2013) Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets. Elsevier, USA. pp 752.


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